7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی

7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی

7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی

این صفحه مربوط به بخشی از تدریس کلاس های گرامر و جمله سازی مهندس ابوالقاسمی می باشد که برای بهبود وضعیت جمله سازی زبان آموزان آیلتس و زبان انگلیسی در 6 جلسه(6 هفته) تنظیم شده است و مبحث های (1) 7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی ، (2) ساختارهای ساده و پیچیده در جمله سازی، (3) جمله واره های موصولی ، (4) انواع کلمات ربط، (5) ساختارهای that clause، و (6) ساختارهای مجهول را در بر میگیرد.

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1. جمله های ساده (Simple)

(independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work every day. 

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2. جمله های مرکب (Compound) نوع اول

IC+CC+IC (independent clause plus coordinating conjunction plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work and eat in fast food restaurants. 

(Coordinating conjunctions are words that link one independent clause to another to form a compound sentence. These words can be recalled with the mnemonic FANBOYS and include forandnorbutoryet, and so.)

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3. جمله های مرکب (Compound) نوع دوم

IC+S+IC (independent clause plus semicolon plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work; they eat in fast food restaurants. 

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4. جمله های مرکب (Compound) نوع سوم

IC+AC+IC (independent clause plus adverbial conjunction plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work; therefore they eat in fast food restaurants. 

(Adverbial conjunctions are adverbs that serve, when following a semicolon, to link independent clauses. They include consequentlyhowevermoreoverneverthelesstherefore, and thus.)

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5. جمله های پیچیده نوع اول (Complex)

DM+C+IC (dependent marker plus clause plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: Because people go to work, they eat in fast food restaurants. 

(Dependent markers are words that provide a relative context for a subordinate clause. They include afteralthoughas, “as if,” becausebeforeifsincethoughuntilwhenwherewhether, and while.)

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6. جمله های پیچیده نوع دوم (Complex)

RP+N + SC (relative pronoun + noun + subordinate clause) با فرمول

Example: Whatever doubts I had about taking a walk dissipated when I was soothed by the gentle night air

Whatever doubts I had about taking a walk dissipated when I was soothed by the gentle night air

(Relative pronouns are pronouns that relate a subordinate clause to the noun it modifies. They include whowhomwhosewhoeverwhosoeverwhomeverwhichwhatwhatever, and sometimes that.)

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7. جمله های پیچیده نوع سوم (Complex)

DC+IC+CC+IC (dependent clause plus independent clause plus coordinating conjunction plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: As I headed out for a walk, my doubts about doing so dissipated, and I was soothed by the gentle night air

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انواع ساختارهای Cleft

It-cleft: It is Jaime for whom we are looking.

it + conjugated form of to be + X + subordinate clause با فرمول

Wh-cleft/Pseudo-cleft: What he wanted to buy was a Fiat.

Reversed wh-cleft/Inverted pseudo-cleft: A Fiat is what he wanted to buy.

All-cleft: All he wanted to buy was a Fiat.

Inferential cleft: It is not that he loves her. It’s just that he has a way with her that is different.

There-cleft: And then there’s a new house he wanted to build.

If-because cleft: If he wants to be an actor it’s because he wants to be famous.

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منبع:
https://www.dailywritingtips.com/7-patterns-of-sentence-structure
https://www.masterclass.com/articles/compound-complex-sentence-guide#how-to-write-a-compoundcomplex-sentence