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7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی

7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی
7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی

این صفحه مربوط به بخشی از تدریس کلاس های گرامر و جمله سازی مهندس ابوالقاسمی می باشد که برای بهبود وضعیت جمله سازی زبان آموزان آیلتس و زبان انگلیسی در 6 جلسه(6 هفته) تنظیم شده است و مبحث های (1) 7 نوع جمله در زبان انگلیسی ، (2) ساختارهای ساده و پیچیده در جمله سازی، (3) جمله واره های موصولی ، (4) انواع کلمات ربط، (5) ساختارهای that clause، و (6) ساختارهای مجهول را در بر میگیرد.

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1. جمله های ساده (Simple)

(independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work every day. 

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2. جمله های مرکب (Compound) نوع اول

IC+CC+IC (independent clause plus coordinating conjunction plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work and eat in fast food restaurants. 

(Coordinating conjunctions are words that link one independent clause to another to form a compound sentence. These words can be recalled with the mnemonic FANBOYS and include forandnorbutoryet, and so.)

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3. جمله های مرکب (Compound) نوع دوم

IC+S+IC (independent clause plus semicolon plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work; they eat in fast food restaurants. 

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4. جمله های مرکب (Compound) نوع سوم

IC+AC+IC (independent clause plus adverbial conjunction plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: People go to work; therefore they eat in fast food restaurants. 

(Adverbial conjunctions are adverbs that serve, when following a semicolon, to link independent clauses. They include consequentlyhowevermoreoverneverthelesstherefore, and thus.)

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5. جمله های پیچیده نوع اول (Complex)

DM+C+IC (dependent marker plus clause plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: Because people go to work, they eat in fast food restaurants. 

(Dependent markers are words that provide a relative context for a subordinate clause. They include afteralthoughas, “as if,” becausebeforeifsincethoughuntilwhenwherewhether, and while.)

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6. جمله های پیچیده نوع دوم (Complex)

RP+N + SC (relative pronoun + noun + subordinate clause) با فرمول

Example: Whatever doubts I had about taking a walk dissipated when I was soothed by the gentle night air

Whatever doubts I had about taking a walk dissipated when I was soothed by the gentle night air

(Relative pronouns are pronouns that relate a subordinate clause to the noun it modifies. They include whowhomwhosewhoeverwhosoeverwhomeverwhichwhatwhatever, and sometimes that.)

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7. جمله های پیچیده نوع سوم (Complex)

DC+IC+CC+IC (dependent clause plus independent clause plus coordinating conjunction plus independent clause) با فرمول

Example: As I headed out for a walk, my doubts about doing so dissipated, and I was soothed by the gentle night air

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انواع ساختارهای Cleft

It-cleft: It is Jaime for whom we are looking.

it + conjugated form of to be + X + subordinate clause با فرمول

Wh-cleft/Pseudo-cleft: What he wanted to buy was a Fiat.

Reversed wh-cleft/Inverted pseudo-cleft: A Fiat is what he wanted to buy.

All-cleft: All he wanted to buy was a Fiat.

Inferential cleft: It is not that he loves her. It’s just that he has a way with her that is different.

There-cleft: And then there’s a new house he wanted to build.

If-because cleft: If he wants to be an actor it’s because he wants to be famous.

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منبع:

7 Patterns of Sentence Structure


https://www.masterclass.com/articles/compound-complex-sentence-guide#how-to-write-a-compoundcomplex-sentence

  

  

11 پاسخ

  1. She did not cheat on the test, for it was the wrong thing to do. I really need to go to work, but I am too sick to drive. I am counting my calories, yet I really want dessert. He ran out of money, so he had to stop playing poker.

  2. She did not cheat on the test, for it was the wrong thing to do.

    I really need to go to work, but I am too sick to drive.

    I am counting my calories, yet I really want dessert.

    He ran out of money, so he had to stop playing poker.

    They got there early, and they got really good seats.

    They had no ice cream left at home, nor did they have money to go to the store.

    Everyone was busy, so I went to the movie alone.

    I thought the promotion was mine, but my attendance wasn’t good enough.

    Should we start class now, or wait for everyone to get here?

    It was getting dark, and we weren’t near the cabin yet.

    Cats are good pets, for they are clean and are not noisy.

    We have never been to Asia, nor have we visited Africa.

    He didn’t want to go to the dentist, yet he went anyway.

  3. Whenever prices goes up, customers buy less products.
    Because my coffee was too cold, I heated it in the microwave.

    Although he was wealthy, he was still unhappy.

    She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged.

    Whenever prices goes up, customers buy less products.

    Because I had to catch the train, and as we were short on time, I forgot to pack my toothbrush for our vacation.

    As she was bright and ambitious, she became a manager in no time.

    Wherever you go, you can always find beauty.

    Evergreen trees are a symbol of fertility because they do not die in the winter.

    Although it was very long, the movie was still enjoyable.

    You should take your car in for a service because it’s starting to make weird noises.

    The actor was happy he got a part in a movie even though the part was small.

    After the tornado hit, there was very little left standing.

    The museum was very interesting, as I expected.

    Now that he’s rich and famous, people make allowances for his idiosyncrasies.

    Even though he’s thoroughly trained, he still makes a lot of mistakes.

    Since winter is coming, I think I’ll knit a warm sweater, because I’m always cold.

    When she was younger, she believed in fairy tales.

    I have to save this coupon in case I come back to the store tomorrow.

    Let’s go back to Chez Nous because it’s where we had our first date.

    Although my friends begged me, I chose not to go to the reunion.

    As genes change over time, evolution progresses.

    I really didn’t like the movie even though the acting was good.

    When he got a creampie smashed in his face, everyone laughed.

    After being apart for years, he still had feelings for her.

  4. compound complex sentence examples

    Kate doesn’t like cartoons because they are loud, so she doesn’t watch them.

    The dog started barking so the cat ran away and I couldn’t keep up, so I
    stopped.

    She likes to sleep in but she can get up early if she has work.

    Erin loves her brother, and he loves her too because she pays his bills.

    The dog ran off when I chased him, but I didn’t care.

    Though my mother says it doesn’t matter, I am tall, and she is short.When I went to the store, my parents wanted me to pick up some milk, but I didn’t have enough money.

    Even if the child is hungry, he will never eat oatmeal, but he will always eat ice cream.

    The man was mean because he was lonely, but his attitude only made his situation worse.

    The dog needed a new leash, and he couldn’t go for a walk until he had one.

    It is important to vote when the time comes, or you won’t get a say in new laws.

  5. The team captain jumped for joy, and the fans cheered because we won the state
    championship.
    OR
    When we won the state championship, the team captain jumped for joy, and the fans
    cheered.
    For joy

  6. people like to receive valuable information to improve their knowledge

    it is valuable information that people like to receive to improve their knowledge.

    what people like to receive is valuable information to improve their knowledge

    valuable information is what people like to receive to improve
    their knowledge

    all people like to receive is valuable information to improve their knowledge

      1. بعد از کلاس ویس کلاس و گوش کردم و کاملا متوجه نکات تدریس شده شدم . ممنونم بابت تدریس بی نظیرتون و فیدبک

        1. خواهش میکنم امیدوارم این دوره بتونه در رایتینگ ایلتس شما و در امتحان بهتره نتیجه رو به همراه داشته باشه پیروز باشید 🌸🌸🌸❤️❤️❤️

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