لغات و اصطلاحات فوتبال در انگلیسی

لغات و اصطلاحات فوتبال در انگلیسی
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لغات و اصطلاحات فوتبال در انگلیسی

لغات و اصطلاحات فوتبال در انگلیسی

لغات و اصطلاحات فوتبال در انگلیسی

در این بخش از سایت ielts2.com کوشش کردیم 100 واژه کاربردی سطح پایه و پیشرفته و برخی اصطلاحات در زمینه فوتبال را به همراه توضیحات و برابر فارسی تقدیم علاقمندان گرامی نماییم که امیدواریم مورد پسند شما واقع شود. همچنین برای هر واژه یک تعریف و یک مثال آورده شده است. تمامی برابر های ترجمه شده به فارسی توسط پویا ابوالقاسمی و برای اولین بار در ielts2 انجام شده و این نوشته از جایی رونویسی نشده است. منبع این صفحه به زبان انگلیسی در پایان آورده شده است.

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Assistant referee کمک داور 

Assistant referee: (Noun) This is the person who runs up and down the football pitch (field). Their job is to tell the referee if the ball goes out. They are also important when it comes to helping with offside decisions. In the past, this person’s job was called a ‘linesman.’

The assistant referee held up his flag to show the referee that the ball was still in play.

Attacker حمله 

Attacker: (Noun) The role of an attacker in a team is to score goals. Another word for an attacker is a forward.

Lionel Messi, who plays for Barcelona, is one of the world’s best attackers. He has great skill and can move quickly towards the goal.

Away Game بازی خارج از خانه

Away Game: (Noun) When the team has to travel to another team’s stadium to play the match.

Philip hates traveling for away games. He always gets really tired and never plays well.

Corner ضربه کرنر

Corner: (Noun) This is a free kick from any of the four corners of the pitch

When the goalkeeper touched the ball, the referee awarded the other team a corner kick

Locker Room رختکن

Locker room: (Noun) The area where teams meet and change into their football uniforms

The players sat in the locker room while they listened to their coach speak

Defender دفاع

Defender: (Noun) A defender is a player who tries to stop the other team from scoring a goal

England always does well in the World Cup matches because of their strong defense

Draw بازی مساوی/مساوی کردن

Draw: (Verb/Noun) When the final score is the same e.g. 1-1

The game ended in a draw, and the final score was 2-2

Equalizer مساوی کننده نتیجه

Equalizer: (Noun) When one player scores a goal and the score becomes equal

In the last minute, Marcello was able to run past the defense and score an equalizing goal. The final score of the game was 1-1

Extra Time وقت اضافه

Extra time: (Noun) An important game is made longer when it finishes in a draw

They were lucky the game went into extra time because they ended up winning

Fit وضعیت جسمی خوب

Fit: (Adjective) From the word fitness. If a player is fit they are in good form and are okay to play. Check this post out to learn more fitness related English vocabulary words

Michael needs to get fit over the summer otherwise he will not be chosen for the team

Foul خطا

Foul: (Noun) When a player does an illegal action such as touching the ball with their hands. They are punished and the other team is awarded a free kick

When one player pushed a player from the opposite team, the referee blew his whistle. He then gave the other team a free kick for the foul

Full-time پایان بازی

Full-time: (Noun) When the final whistle is blown and the game is over

The referee blew his whistle twice to tell everyone it was full-time

Goalkeeper دروازه بان

Goalkeeper: (Noun) The player who stands between the goal posts and tries to stop the ball from entering the goal

The goalkeeper for France dived to the ground and saved Ronaldo’s shot

Half-time نیمه

Half-time: (Noun) The short break after the first half of the game is played

The players ran off the pitch and had a meeting during half-time

 

Handball خطای هند

Handball: (Noun) This is a kind of foul when a player touches the ball with his hand

When the ball hit Matt on the arm, the referee blew his whistle and the other team was given a penalty

 

Header سر/هد زدن

Header: (Noun) To hit the ball with the head instead of the foot

Ronaldo’s teammate passed the ball high to him. He jumped up and headed it into the goal

Home game بازی در خانه

Home game: (Noun) When the team gets to play in their own territory. Opposite: Away game

Most teams perform better when they have a home game

Injury time وقت اضافه

Injury time: (Noun) Extra time at the end of half-time or full-time if there have been any injuries during the game

Because Barcelona had two injured players, the game went into injury time at the end

 Kick off آغاز بازی

Kick off: (Verb/Noun) When the game begins

Do you have any idea what time is kickoff

 Match مسابقه

Match: (Noun) Another word for a game

Who do you think is going to win the match

 Midfielder بازیکن میانی

 Midfielder: (Noun) A player who usually stays in the middle of the field

Mesut Ozil is one of the best midfielders in the world

 Offsides آف ساید

Offsides: (Adjective/Noun) A football rule that states that when the ball is passed, there must be at least 2 defenders between the attacker from the other team and the goal line. If not, it is considered offsides and the player is punished

The fans in the stadium shouted angrily when the referee blew his whistle to say that Messi was offsides; he had been very close to scoring a goal

 Pass پاس دادن

Pass: (Verb/Noun) To kick the ball to another player on your team

Frank Lampard passed the ball to Beckham. Beckham kicked the ball and scored

 

 Penalty kick ضربه پنالتی

Penalty kick: (Noun) A free kick

Bale passed the ball to his teammate, but he was offside. As a result, the other team was given a penalty kick

 Penalty shoutout ضربات پنالتی تعیین نتیجه

Penalty shootout: (Noun) If the game is still drawn (equal points) after extra time there is a best-out-of-five penalty kick competition. The team with the most goals wins the game

The fans went silent as they nervously watched the penalty shootout between the two teams

 Pitch زمین فوتبال

Pitch: (Noun) The football field

Because it had been raining for a couple of days, the pitch was muddy and difficult to play on

 Red Card کارت قرمز

Red Card: (Noun) A punishment given by the referee. If a player does something bad, they are given a red card and sent off the field

He was handed a red card for starting a fight with the other team and as a result, their team lost

 Shoot شوت کردن

Shoot: (Verb) To try and score a goal by kicking

Ronaldo shot the ball right into the back of the net to score the winning goal

 

 Spectator تماشاچی

Spectator: (Noun) A person who watches a game

There weren’t many spectators at the game because of the rain

 

 Stands سکو

Stands: (Noun) Where the fans sit in the stadium

There was a lot of excitement in the stands as the fans cheered for their teams

 Striker مهاجم

Striker: (Noun) A player who shoots the goals

Lionel Messi is one of the best strikers in the world. He has scored the most goals ever for Barcelona

 

 Substitute(sub) تعویض/تعویض کردن

Substitute: (Sub) (Verb/Noun) To take one player off the field and replace them with another player

When Sir Alex Ferguson saw that his players were getting tired, he always substituted them

 Tackle تکل زدن

Tackle: (Verb) To try and take the ball from the opposite team using your feet

When Mike tried to tackle the other player, he pushed him and he was given a yellow card and a warning

 Throw in پرتاب توپ

Throw in: (Verb/Noun) When the ball goes out, a player takes the ball and throws it to his teammate from outside over his head

Jake stood on the line and quickly threw the ball in to his teammate

 

 Touchline گوشه زمین

Touchline: (Noun) The longest sides of the pitch. These are also known as sidelines

The manager and coach stood on the touchline shouting out instructions to their team

 

 Wall دیواره دفاعی

Wall: (Noun) When the players of one team make a human wall to try and block a free kick

The players made a wall as Lionel Messi went to shoot

 Yellow card کارت زرد

Yellow card: (Noun) The first warning that is given to a player when they do something seriously wrong before receiving a red card

Bale needs to be more careful when playing because he’s already been given one yellow card

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واژگان مربوط به امتیاز  Scoring Related Vocabulary

Do you find it difficult talking with your friends about the scores? Read on to learn some very useful soccer words that will help you communicate better

 Concede گل خوردن دروازه بان

Concede: (Verb) When the goalkeeper allows a goal to be scored

England’s goalkeeper was criticized for the amount of goals he conceded

Defeat شکست

Defeat: (Noun) To suffer a defeat means to lose the match/game

It was evident that everyone was upset when Atletico Madrid suffered defeat

Goal difference  تفاضل گل یا امتیاز

Goal difference: (Noun) The goal difference is the difference in points/goals between the two teams. For example team A scored 3 goals and team B scored 1 goal so the goal difference is 2

Because all of the teams in the Premier League are really strong, the goal difference is usually small

Knock out باز ماندن از ادامه مسابقات

Knock out (Phrasal Verb) If one team knocks out another team, they beat them. After this the losing team can no longer play in the tournament

In the last World Cup, New Zealand was knocked out of the competition by Mexico

The Lead پیش افتادن در مسابقه

The Lead: (Noun) If a team has the lead, then they are winning at the moment

At the end of the first half Real Madrid were in the lead, but Chelsea won in the end

Score تعداد گل ها 

Score: (Noun) The recorded number of goals that shows us who is winning the match

I think the final score between Barcelona and Real Madrid will be 2-0

Scoreboard بیلبورد

Scoreboard: (Noun) The board where the team’s goals are shown

The time on the scoreboard shows there’s only 5 minutes left of the match

Win بردن یا پیروز شدن

Win: (Verb) If a team wins the match, it means that they have scored more goals than the other team

I think that Brazil has the strongest football team in the world and they have a good chance of winning the 2014 World Cup

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 لغات پیشرفته مربوط به فوتبال  Advanced English Soccer /Football Vocabulary

We’re not finished yet. Now you know the basics. Why not show off your real soccer/football knowledge with this more advanced football vocabulary

Advantage آوانتاژ

Advantage: (Noun) The referee doesn’t always blow his whistle to stop the game when a foul has been committed. It may be unfair for the innocent team, so he lets the game continue

The ref held up his hand to call advantage

Bench نیمکت

Bench: (Noun) The chairs where the substitute players sit. Phrase: On the bench

Jack’s coach decided to keep him on the bench for being late to training

Bicycle kick ضربه برگردان

Bicycle kick: (Noun) When the player kicks the ball backwards over his own head

Ronaldo is famous for his bicycle kick. When he does it, the fans go crazy

Booking کارت زرد گرفتن

Booking: (Noun) To be given a yellow card to show a serious foul

After two bookings for fighting with the other team, Jonathan was sent off

 

Boot: (Verb) To kick

Torres booted the ball across the pitch to his teammate

Box: (Noun) The penalty area around the goal

The opposition formed a line in the box to try and block Messi from scoring

Coin toss: (Noun) Toss a coin: (Verb) At the beginning of the match the referee tosses a coin to see which team starts

Jack’s team won the coin toss

Dead ball: This is when the game is stopped and the ball is not moving. All free kicks and penalty kicks must be taken from a dead ball

When the ball was dead, Luis ran up to the ball and booted it

Division: (Noun) Categories

All the top teams of the UK are in the premier division or league

Fixture: (Noun) Planned games

All the World Cup fixtures are chosen out of a hat to make sure it’s completely fair

Mark: (Verb) To mark a player means to guard them to try and stop them from receiving the ball from their teammate

The manager shouted out to his players to mark the opposition

Own goal: (Noun) When one player accidentally kicks the ball into their own goal

The fans booed when John scored an own goal

Pep talk: (Noun) A short talk of encouragement from the manager

The players sat and listened to their coach give them a pep talk in the changing rooms

Promotion: (Noun) Promote: (Verb) When a team does very well one season, they will play in a higher category next time

Doncaster Rovers have always been one of the UK’s weaker teams, but after a successful season, they were promoted

Rivals: (Noun) Enemy/opposition

Manchester United and Manchester City have been rivals for years

Relegation: (Noun) Relegate: (Verb) The opposite of promote/promotion. When one team do very poorly in one season, they are placed in a lower division

After having a lot of bad luck last season, Hull was relegated

Skipper: (Noun/Verb) Captain

John Terry was chosen to skipper the English side for the 2014 FIFA World Cup

 

Scissor kick: (Noun/Verb) When a player kicks his legs like a pair of scissors and passes the ball sideways to his teammate

Ryan Giggs Scissor kicked the ball skillfully to his teammate

Spot kick: (Noun) Another word for a penalty because the ball is placed on a certain spot/place

Beckham placed the ball down in preparation for his spot kick

Timeout: (Noun) The manager or the coach will call timeout for a few minutes to have a little chat with their players

After Rooney was given a yellow card, Sir Alex Ferguson called timeout to talk to his team

Transfer fee: (Noun) When a player is sold to another team, they must pay some money

One of the highest transfer fees in football history was when Chelsea bought Fernando Torres

 

English Vocabulary for Soccer / Football Equipment

Of course you all know that football requires a ball to play, but what about the other things that are needed to play

Cleats: (Noun) Cleats are small spikes (sharp things that stick out of the shoe) to help the players not slip. Another word for cleats is studs

 

Gloves: (Noun) The goalkeeper wears special gloves on their hands to catch the ball

Goal posts: (Noun) The physical goal where the ball must travel through for a goal to be scored

 

Jersey: (Noun) The top that the player wears. It usually has their name and number on it

 

Kit: (Noun) The ‘football kit’ refers to the whole uniform that the player wears

 

Net: (Noun) The net is connected/attached to the goal posts. It stops the ball from flying everywhere

 

Soccer socks: (Noun) These are long socks that cover the players shin pads

 

Shin-pads: (Noun) These are plastic covers that protect a player’s shins (the bottom part of the leg’s front ) from getting kicked

 

Strip: (Noun) A team’s strip is the specially designed shirt with the team’s colors and sign

Real Madrid’s strip is white, which I don’t think is very practical because it gets dirty easily

 

English Vocabulary for Soccer / Football Commentary

It’s great being able to speak with your friends about a soccer match, but if you’re really a huge soccer fan than you need to understand the newsas well. And of course you also have to understand the commentator

Clinical finish: (Noun) A very well-controlled shot at goal that results in a goal

David Beckham is one of the most skilled players in history. He is famous for his clinical finishes

 

Commentator: (Noun) The person who reports every move of the game while it is happening

John Motson is one of the most famous British commentators

Keep possession: (Verb) When one team plays well and has the ball more than the other team

The Australia team is great at keeping possession, but they have difficulties scoring

Long-ball game: (Noun) It is when a team continues to kick long passes. A long-ball game is very boring to watch. This is a negative term

Sheffield Wednesday is playing their usual long-ball game

One-touch football: (Noun) This is used in a way to show admiration for one team that successfully manages to pass the ball with only one touch

As usual the Spanish team are showing off their skills at one-touch football. Look at them go

Prolific goal scorer: (Noun) A player who is very successful in scoring goals in almost every game

Ronaldo is a prolific goal scorer and it’s almost guaranteed that he will score a goal in every match

Put eleven men behind the ball: (Phrase/verb) When a team is more interested in defending than scoring a goal

The USA team isn’t doing much and are making very little effort to score. Their manager seems to have put eleven men behind the ball again

Replay: (Verb/Noun) To show the video again to the TV viewers

Let’s take a look at the replay of that fine goal scored by Lorrick Cana

Underdog: (Noun) The team people think are going to lose

Atletico Madrid surprised everyone with their win against Barcelona as they’ve always been the underdogs in the Spanish league

 

English Vocabulary for Casual Football / Soccer Talk with Friends

Learn how to chat casually with your friends about a game you’re watching or playing with these cool words and slang phrases

Get stuck in: (Verb/phrase) To play hard with a lot of determination

Look at those guys play! They’re really getting stuck in

Have a lot of pace: (Verb/phrase) To be quick

Look at Jane go
Wow, she’s got a lot of pace, I’m impressed
Yes, she sure is fast

Have a sweet left foot: (Verb/phrase) To say that a person is very skilled at kicking and scoring with their left foot

Man, did see that goal of Paul’s
Yeah, he’s got a sweet left foot. I can’t even kick with my right foot like that

Man on! (Noun) A warning that you can use to shout out to your teammate to tell him that another player is right behind them

Jose screamed “man on” when he saw a player from the opposition behind Marcello

Pull off a great/amazing save: (Verb/phrase) To be able to save a ball that many people expected to be a goal

Peter’s one of the best goalkeepers ever. He’s always able to pull of great saves

 

Put it in the back of the net: (Verb/Phrase) To score a goal

Sam is always able to put the ball in the back of the net

We were robbed! (Phrase/expression) You use this phrase when you believe the game was unfair

The referee was totally biased and sided with the other team. We should have won, we were robbed

English Soccer / Football Vocabulary for the World Cup

Do you want to be able to discuss the Football World Cup in more detail with your friends? Check out some the more specific vocabulary related to the FIFA World Cup

Broadcast: (Noun/Verb) When a live event on TV, online or radio is played

Were you able to watch the live broadcast of the match between Brazil and Spain

 

Fever pitch: (Noun) An extremely high level of excitement in the crowd

The Real Madrid fans reached fever pitch as they scored the equalizing goal in the last few seconds of the match

Group stage: (Noun) The period/time of a tournament when the teams compete in groups to see who will go to the next round

Croatia, Cameroon, Brazil and Mexico make up group A of the FIFA world cup 2014. I predict Brazil will be the winner of the group

Host country: (Noun) The country where an international event such as the World Cup or the Olympic Games will be held

The host country for the 2018 World Cup is Russia

 

National anthem: (Noun) The song of a country

All players proudly sing their national anthem before playing an international match

National team: A team that represents the country

Spain has one of the strongest National teams in the world

Knockout stage: (Noun) A time of the tournament when teams are eliminated (no longer allowed to play) if they lose

They can’t lose a game in the knockout stage. This is too important

Qualify: (Verb) To be able to score enough wins or points to compete in the international event

This year Albania did not qualify to take part in the 2014 games

Quarter-finals: (Noun) The final four matches to see which teams will make it to the semi-finals

There are some strong teams in this year’s quarter-final

Runners-up: (Noun) The team who comes 2nd in a tournament

Atletico Madrid were runners-up in the 2014 Champions League

Semi-finals: (Noun) A round of two games to see which two teams are going to qualify for the final

Every team plays their hardest in the semi-finals because it’s a great honor to reach the finals

 

Sponsor: (Noun/Verb) A company or individual that gives money to the organization to help pay for the costs of the event

One of the official sponsors of the 2014 FIFA World Cup is Coca-Cola

The finals: (Noun) The final/finishing rounds of a tournament that include the quarter and semi-finals

The finals of the 2014 Champions League were dominated by Spain and England

The final: (Noun) The last match of the tournament to see who the winner of the championship will be

The Champions League final between Real Madrid and Atletico Madrid was a very exciting match

 

Trophy: (Noun) The winner’s cup that is given to the winning team to show their success

The team held up the trophy excitedly to show appreciation to their fans

Enjoy the fever pitch of this year’s 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil

Have fun and may the best team win

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منبع: https://www.fluentu .com/blog/english/english-vocabulary-football-soccer-esl

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