تقویت مهارت ریدینگ IELTS

یکی از کارآمد ترین روش های تقویت مهارت ریدینگ (1) برای آشنایی چشم ها با واژگان انگلیسی و افزایش سرعت خواندن و (2) برای اشنایی با لغت های ضرروی پر کاربرد برای آزمون های آیلتس و تافل به ویژه برای نمره های بالاتر از معمول، نمره 7 و بالاتر آیلتس و 100 و بالاتر تافل، خواندن پیوسته منابع انگلیسی زبان غیر آموزشی یا واقعی (authentic) است.

برای این کار میتواند در اینترنت جستجو کرده و منابعی اینچنینی که بصورت رایگان در دسترس هستند را بیابید. این منابع ممکن است روزنامه، مجله، کتاب، وبسایت های مرجع و همانند اینها باشد که مخاطب آن ها نه زبان آموزان بلکه انگلیسی زبانانی هستند که زبان انگلیسی زبان نخست آن ها به شمار میرود.

گفته میشود انگلیسی زبانان دانش آموخته دانشگاه ها دامنه لغاتی نزدیک به 20 تا 30 هزار لغت دارند و برای آنکه در متن های روزنامه ها و مجلات با لغت ناآشنایی روبرو نشوید احتمالا باید گنجینه لغاتی نزدیک به این اعداد داشته باشید.  همچنین به نظر میرسد زبان آموزانی که بدنبال نمره بالای 7 آیلتس و بالای 100 تافل هستند باید دامنه لغاتی بالاتر از 12 هزار واژه داشته باشند. دامنه لغات خود را میتواند در اینجا بررسی کنید.

http://testyourvocab.com/

در زیر یک مقاله از مجله اکونمیست آورده شده است. دریافت این مقاله های رایگان با نام نویسی در وبسایت بصورت دوره ای در رایانامه(email) امکانپذیر است.

بهترین ریدینگ ها برای آیلتس و تافل

متن کامل مقاله در اینجا

 

New Words, their meaning and examples

Lavatory = a public bathroom

You an use the public lavatories on the other side of the beach

Defecation = to get rid of waste material from your bowels

Defecating in open is a public health issue in India

Underappreciate = not fully realized?

strung = pp pf string

scourge = something that causes a lot of harm or suffering

the scourge of war

stunted = not developing properly to full size

A stunted infant

Forfeit = to lose a right, position, etc. because you have broken a rule

If the team does not come to the field to play, they forfeit the game

gung-ho =  very eager to do something dangerous or violent

A gang-ho supporter of socialism

latrine = an outdoor toilet

infirm = week or ill for a long time

Her grandfather was too ill and infirm to be able to work anymore

turd = poo = human waste

loo = a toilet

تقویت لغات و تندخوانی در آیلتس و تافل

در ادامه بررسی نمونه ریدینگ هایی از روزنامه ها و نشریات جهان به معرفی چهار مقاله از مجله اکونومیست میپردازیم. برخی از واژگان دشوار این مقاله ها بیرون کشیده شده و بررسی شده اند. زبان آموزانی که متقاضی نمره های بالاتر از معمول در امتحان های آیلتس و تافل هستند میتوانند با مطالعه چنین مقاله هایی خود را با گستره بزرگ تری از واژگان حرفه ای آکادمیک برای نمره بالای 8 آیلتس و بالای 110 تافل آماده نمایند.

Capsule hotels at airports: Sleep tight

http://www.economist.com/blogs/gulliver/2014/08/capsule-hotels-airports

Facebook censorship, Arbitrary and capricious

http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2014/08/facebook-censorship

Schumpeter: Decluttering the company

http://www.economist.com/news/business/21610237-businesses-must-fight-relentless-battle-against-bureaucracy-decluttering-company?fsrc=nlw|hig|1-08-2014|53a42af19dbcd43d160010a3|ME

LinkedIn: Workers of the world, log in

http://www.economist.com/news/business/21612191-social-network-has-already-shaken-up-way-professionals-are-hired-its-ambitions-go-far?fsrc=nlw|hig|14-08-2014|53a42af19dbcd43d160010a3|ME

–If there is a drawback to what seems like an efficient solution to a familiar problem, it’s location.

–recliner = a chair that you can lean back at different angles

–I flung myself into his chair, the big recliner

–slumber = sleep = snooz

–He had fallen into a deep slumber by the fire

–They were awoken from their slumber by a knock at the door

–prefab = a small prefabricated building

–hotelier = sb who owns or manages a hotel

–Full-blown = having all the qualities of sth

–a full-blown crisis

–What began as a serious oil spill has become a full-blown environmental disaster.

–circadian = relating to a period of 24 hours

–the body’s circadian sleep-wake cycle

–flounder = to not know what to say or do because you feel confused or upset

–I found myself foundering as I tried to answer her questions

–forlorn = seeming lonely and unhappy

–A forlorn line of refugees stood near the truck.

–inebriated  = drunk

–frugal = careful to buy only necessary things

–tetchy = irritable

— cordial = friendly but polite and formal = approachable = amiable

–He tried to be cordial and polite.

–jumpy = nervous = tense

–smear = untrue story about  a famous person that is told to make people lose their respect for them

–He attempted to smear the people

–purport = to claim to be or do with, even if this is not true

–two officers purporting to be dealers

–deliberation = careful consideration or discussion

–after much deliberation, they chose him as the winner

–lurk = sth that exists but you may not see it

–she didn’t see the figure lurking behind the bushes

–entreaty = a serious request

–despite denials, she persists in her entreaties

–lumo = to accept a situation or decision you don’t like because you can’t change it

–it’s the law so you can like it  or lump it

–jolly = very

–sounds like a jolly good idea to me

–reckon = think or suppose

–Do you reckon he’ll agree to see us?

–outlive = continue to exist after sth else has ended

–women usually outlive their husbands

–Even so, LinkedIn is working its way up the greasy pole.

–Such hopes are remarkably ambitious.

–It is hard to know what its eventual effect might be.

–austere = very strict and serious

–retreat = a safe and quiet place

–equivocal = ambiguous

–weep = cry

–gargantuan = gigantic

–scour = search carefully

–denizen = naturally living in   a place

–bespoke = customized

–sift = to sieve

–budge = move or change

–trawl = to search through documents

–lean = thin in a healthy and attractive way

–a lean and athletic man

–a lean year for business(= difficult years without much money)

–bulge = to stick out in a rounded shape, especially because sth is very full or too tight

–His pockets were bulging with candy

–Father’s face was flushed, and his eyes bulged out

–clutter = a large number of things that are scattered somewhere in an untidy way = junk

–I try to keep my desk free of clutter

–guru = someone who know a lot about a particular subject

–a fashion guru