در این صفحه فهرستی موضوعی از لغات ضروری در آزمون آیلتس را در دسترس علاقمندان گرامی خواهیم گذارد. این لغات حول یک موضوع مشخص هستند و موضوعات فهرست شده از متداول ترین موضوعات سال های گذشته در بخش رایتینگ و اسپیکینگ و همچنین ریدینگ و لیسنینگ آیلتس می باشند. (صفحه در حال به روز رسانی می باشد)
لغات ضروری موضوعی آیلتس – تاپیک Children & Family
1. Nuclear family
Definition: a family unit that consists only of a husband, wife, and children
Example: He believes children in nuclear family are more likely to exhibit positive behavior, earn good grades in school and become more involved in community and extracurricular activities.
2. Extended family
Definition: a family group that consists not only of parents and children but also of grandparents, aunts etc
Example: One of the primary benefits of extended family is that it reduces the family’s financial strain as it’s more affordable option.
Definition: a mother or father who looks after their children on their own, without a partner.
Example: a single parent with two or three children in California would lose $ 1 in income.
Definition: a brother or sister
Example: I have four siblings: three brothers and a sister.
5. Sibling rivalry
Definition: Sibling rivalry is the jealousy, competition and fighting between brothers and sisters.
Example: Preventing sibling rivalry is a vital part of parenting.
6. Authoritarian parents
Definition: Authoritarian parenting is a parenting style characterized by high demands and low responsiveness.
Example: Instead of rewarding positive behavior, her mother only provides feedback in the form of punishments for misbehavior, which is typical of an authoritarian parent
Definition: strongly limiting someone’s freedom to behave as they wish, or likely to severely punish someone if they do not obey.
Example: Research shows that most people think strict parenting produces better-behaved kids but strict child-raising actually produces kids with lower self esteem.
8. Birth control / Contraception
Definition: the practice of preventing a woman from becoming pregnant when she has s…e…x, or the methods for doing this.
Example: Even though birth control pills are very safe, they can slightly increase your risk of health problems.
9. Birth Rate
Definition: the number of births for every 100 or every 1,000 people in a particular year in a particular place.
Example: Officials expressed concern over Quebec’s declining birthrate.
10. Bring Up
Definition: to look after and influence a child until he or she is grown up SYN raise
Example: He was brought up by his grandparents.
Definition: the way that your parents care for you and teach you to behave when you are growing up → bring up
Example: Because of her religious upbringing she would not divorce her husband.
Definition: to look after your children and help them grow SYN bring up
Example: Stan’s dad died, leaving his mother to raise three sons alone.
Definition: the way in which children are treated as they are growing, especially as compared with the characteristics they are born with
Example: From when I was very young, my father had nurtured a love of art in me.
Definition: an arrangement in which someone who is trained to look after children cares for them while the parents are at work
Example: People earning low wages will find it difficult to pay for childcare.
Definition: ending of a marriage → separation
Example: One in three marriages ends in divorce.
Definition: a situation in which a husband and wife agree to live apart even though they are still married
Example: My husband and I are considering a separation.
17. Child Neglect
Definition: Child neglect is a form of child abuse, and is a deficit in meeting a child’s basic needs.
Example: The maximum penalty for child neglect is ten years’ imprisonment.
18. Dysfunctional Family
Definition: not following the normal patterns of social behaviour, especially with the result that someone cannot behave in a normal way or have a satisfactory life.
Example: Growing up in a dysfunctional family can largely have negative effects on the children.
19. Emotional Security
Definition: Emotional security is the measure of the stability of an individual’s emotional state.
Example: Emotional security arises from family relationships that are stable and positive, even in the face of common stressors
20. A well-adjusted child
Definition: A well adjusted person is reasonable and has good judgment and their behaviour is not difficult or strange:
Example: the first step to raising happy and well-adjusted children is for you to be peaceful and happy yourself.
21. Responsible Parent
22. Formative years
Definition: the period when someone’s character develops.
Definition: to take someone else’s child into your home and legally become its parent.
Definition: to take someone else’s child into your family for a period of time but without becoming their legal parent → adopt
25. Overprotective Parents
Definition: so anxious to protect someone from harm that you restrict their freedom
26. Spoiled Child
Definition: a spoiled person, especially a child, is rude and behaves badly because they have always been given what they want and allowed to do what they want
Definition: a young person, usually between the ages of 12 and 18
Example: During adolescence, the person becomes physically capable of reproduction, so they need to receive proper education about it.
لغات ضروری موضوعی آیلتس – تاپیک Education
1. Graduate (v)
Definition: to receive a degree from a college or university.
Example: I graduated from medical school last year.
Definition: the subjects that are taught by a school, college etc, or the things that are studied in a particular subject.
Example: Are teachers the best people to be developing the educational curriculum?
3. Extracurricular activities
Definition: extracurricular activities are not part of the course that a student is doing at a school or college
Example: Evidence can be found in extracurricular activities as well.
Definition: if you have a qualification, you have passed an examination or course to show you have a particular level of skill or knowledge in a subject
Example: He left school without any qualifications.
Definition: work students do during a course of study rather than in examinations, and that forms part of their final mark
Example: This usually comprises coursework on the basis of a formal curriculum consisting of lectures and practical work.
Definition: a system in which students of both sexes are educated together
Example: In that context, 22-year-old Faulkner said the shaky start to coeducation at the Citadel was little wonder.
Definition: to behave in a dishonest way in order to win or to get an advantage, especially in a competition, game, or examination
Example: He had cheated in the test by using a calculator.
Definition: the state of being able to read and write
Example: Literacy levels amongst girls very quickly overtook those of boys.
9. Primary (elementary) Education
Definition: Primary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary school.
Example: The role of primary education is to ensure all children are able to develop their social, cognitive, cultural, emotional and physical skills.
10. Secondary education
Definition: the education, teaching etc of children between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18
Example: During secondary education, the use of the spoken word increases.
11. Higher (tertiary) Education
Definition: formal education at a college, university etc
Example: The only thing about tertiary education on which everyone agrees is that it is a mess.
Definition: to think very carefully about something that you are doing
Example: Adrian was finding it difficult to concentrate.
Definition: one of the two periods of time that a year at high schools and universities is divided into, especially in the US
Example: The report recommended that each midshipman and cadet spend a semester at another service academy
14. Drop out
Definition: To leave a school or university before your course has finished
Example: Bill dropped out of college after his first year
Definition: a mark that a student is given for their work or for an examination
Example: He got a grade A in math.
16. Achievement test
Definition: Tests that are designed to measure acquired knowledge or skills..
Example: The achievement test that our institution administers include the three main quality of validity, reliability and objectivity.
Definition: the state of being able to read and write.
Example: Special classes in basic skills such as literacy and numeracy.
18. Formal education
Definition: education etc in a subject or skill, that you receive in a school, college etc rather than practical experience of it
Example: knowledge and wisdom gained from experience rather than from formal education.
Definition: someone who gives private lessons to one student or a small group, and is paid directly by them.
Example: The children were educated at home by a succession of tutors.
Definition: (1) teaching, especially in small groups. (2) the money you pay for being taught.
Example: When I started college, tuition was $350 a quarter.
Definition: a long talk on a particular subject that someone gives to a group of people, especially to students in a university.
Example: He regularly gives lectures on modern French literature.
Definition: the land and buildings of a university or college, including the buildings where students live
Example: Most first-year students live on campus.
Definition: a course of study at a university or college, or the qualification that is given to you when you have successfully completed the course
Example: a degree in Economics.
Definition: a department or group of related departments within a university.
Example: Both faculty and students oppose the measures.
Definition: a piece of work that is given to someone as part of their job.
Example: She’s gone to Italy on a special assignment.
26. Vocational course
Definition: teaching or relating to the skills you need to do a particular job.
Example: The results of such changes are institutions which concentrate very largely on advanced vocational and general courses.
27. Gap year
Definition: a year between leaving school and going to university, which some young people use as an opportunity to travel, earn money, or get experience of working
Example: Some students choose to work in high-tech industries during their gap year.
Definition: an amount of money that is given to someone by an educational organization to help pay for their education.
Example: She won a scholarship to Iowa State University.
29. To attend (class)
Definition: to go to an event such as a meeting or a class
Example: Please let us know if you are unable to attend.
Definition: when someone uses another person’s words, ideas, or work and pretends they are their own
Example: The journal accused the professor of plagiarism.
لغات ضروری موضوعی آیلتس – تاپیک Health