IELTS Vocabulary

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IELTS Vocabulary

IELTS Vocabulary

در این صفحه فهرستی موضوعی از لغات ضروری در آزمون آیلتس را در دسترس علاقمندان گرامی خواهیم گذارد. این لغات حول یک موضوع مشخص هستند و موضوعات فهرست شده از متداول ترین موضوعات سال های گذشته در بخش رایتینگ و اسپیکینگ و همچنین ریدینگ و لیسنینگ آیلتس می باشند. (صفحه در حال به روز رسانی می باشد)

لغات ضروری موضوعی آیلتس – تاپیک Children & Family

1. Nuclear family

Definition: a family unit that consists only of a husband, wife, and children

Example: He believes children in nuclear family are more likely to exhibit positive behavior, earn good grades in school and become more involved in community and extracurricular activities.

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2. Extended family

Definition: a family group that consists not only of parents and children but also of grandparents, aunts etc

Example: One of the primary benefits of extended family is that it reduces the family’s financial strain as it’s more affordable option.

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3. Single-parent

Definition: a mother or father who looks after their children on their own, without a partner.

Example: a single parent with two or three children in California would lose $ 1 in income.

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4. Siblings

Definition: a brother or sister

Example: I have four siblings: three brothers and a sister.

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5. Sibling rivalry 

Definition: Sibling rivalry is the jealousy, competition and fighting between brothers and sisters.

Example: Preventing sibling rivalry is a vital part of parenting.

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6. Authoritarian parents

Definition: Authoritarian parenting is a parenting style characterized by high demands and low responsiveness.

Example: Instead of rewarding positive behavior, her mother only provides feedback in the form of punishments for misbehavior, which is typical of an authoritarian parent

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7. Strict

Definition: strongly limiting someone’s freedom to behave as they wish, or likely to severely punish someone if they do not obey.

Example: Research shows that most people think strict parenting produces better-behaved kids but strict child-raising actually produces kids with lower self esteem.

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8. Birth control / Contraception

Definition: the practice of preventing a woman from becoming pregnant when she has s…e…x, or the methods for doing this.

Example: Even though birth control pills are very safe, they can slightly increase your risk of health problems.

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9. Birth Rate

Definition: the number of births for every 100 or every 1,000 people in a particular year in a particular place.

Example: Officials expressed concern over Quebec’s declining birthrate.

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10. Bring Up

Definition: to look after and influence a child until he or she is grown up SYN raise

Example: He was brought up by his grandparents.

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11. Upbringing

Definition: the way that your parents care for you and teach you to behave when you are growing up → bring up

Example: Because of her religious upbringing she would not divorce her husband.

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12. Raise

Definition: to look after your children and help them grow SYN bring up

Example: Stan’s dad died, leaving his mother to raise three sons alone.

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13. Nurture

Definition: the way in which children are treated as they are growing, especially as compared with the characteristics they are born with

Example: From when I was very young, my father had nurtured a love of art in me.

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14. Childcare

Definition: an arrangement in which someone who is trained to look after children cares for them while the parents are at work

Example: People earning low wages will find it difficult to pay for childcare.

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15. Divorce

Definition: ending of a marriage → separation

Example: One in three marriages ends in divorce.

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16. Separation

Definition: a situation in which a husband and wife agree to live apart even though they are still married

Example: My husband and I are considering a separation.

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17. Child Neglect

Definition: Child neglect is a form of child abuse, and is a deficit in meeting a child’s basic needs.

Example: The maximum penalty for child neglect is ten years’ imprisonment.

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18. Dysfunctional Family

Definition: not following the normal patterns of social behaviour, especially with the result that someone cannot behave in a normal way or have a satisfactory life.

Example:  Growing up in a dysfunctional family can largely have negative effects on the children.

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19. Emotional Security

Definition: Emotional security is the measure of the stability of an individual’s emotional state.

Example:  Emotional security arises from family relationships that are stable and positive, even in the face of common stressors

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20. A well-adjusted child

Definition: A well adjusted person is reasonable and has good judgment and their behaviour is not difficult or strange:

Example: the first step to raising happy and well-adjusted children is for you to be peaceful and happy yourself.

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21. Responsible Parent

Definition:

Example: 

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22. Formative years

Definition: the period when someone’s character develops.

Example: 

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23. Adoption

Definition: to take someone else’s child into your home and legally become its parent.

Example: 

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24. Fostering

Definition: to take someone else’s child into your family for a period of time but without becoming their legal parent → adopt

Example: 

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25. Overprotective Parents

Definition: so anxious to protect someone from harm that you restrict their freedom

Example: 

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26. Spoiled Child

Definition: a spoiled person, especially a child, is rude and behaves badly because they have always been given what they want and allowed to do what they want

Example: 

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27. Adolescent

Definition: a young person, usually between the ages of 12 and 18

Example: During adolescence, the person becomes physically capable of reproduction, so they need to receive proper education about it.

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لغات ضروری موضوعی آیلتس – تاپیک Education 

1. Graduate (v)

Definition: to receive a degree from a college or university.

Example: I graduated from medical school last year.

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2. Curriculum 

Definition: the subjects that are taught by a school, college etc, or the things that are studied in a particular subject.

Example: Are teachers the best people to be developing the educational curriculum?

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3. Extracurricular activities

Definition: extracurricular activities are not part of the course that a student is doing at a school or college

Example: Evidence can be found in extracurricular activities as well.

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4. Qualification 

Definition: if you have a qualification, you have passed an examination or course to show you have a particular level of skill or knowledge in a subject

Example: He left school without any qualifications.

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5. Coursework 

Definition: work students do during a course of study rather than in examinations, and that forms part of their final mark

Example: This usually comprises coursework on the basis of a formal curriculum consisting of lectures and practical work.

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6. Co-education 

Definition: a system in which students of both sexes are educated together

Example: In that context, 22-year-old Faulkner said the shaky start to coeducation at the Citadel was little wonder.

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7. Cheat 

Definition: to behave in a dishonest way in order to win or to get an advantage, especially in a competition, game, or examination

Example: He had cheated in the test by using a calculator.

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8. Literacy 

Definition: the state of being able to read and write

Example: Literacy levels amongst girls very quickly overtook those of boys.

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9. Primary (elementary) Education

Definition: Primary education is typically the first stage of formal education, coming after preschool and before secondary school.

Example: The role of primary education is to ensure all children are able to develop their social, cognitive, cultural, emotional and physical skills.

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10. Secondary education 

Definition: the education, teaching etc of children between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18

Example: During secondary education, the use of the spoken word increases.

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11. Higher (tertiary) Education

Definition: formal education at a college, university etc

Example: The only thing about tertiary education on which everyone agrees is that it is a mess.

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12. Concentrate

Definition: to think very carefully about something that you are doing

Example: Adrian was finding it difficult to concentrate.

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13. Semester 

Definition: one of the two periods of time that a year at high schools and universities is divided into, especially in the US

Example: The report recommended that each midshipman and cadet spend a semester at another service academy

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14. Drop out 

Definition: To leave a school or university before your course has finished

Example: Bill dropped out of college after his first year

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15. Grade 

Definition: a mark that a student is given for their work or for an examination

Example: He got a grade A in math.

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16. Achievement test

Definition: Tests that are designed to measure acquired knowledge or skills..

Example: The achievement test that our institution administers include the three main quality of validity, reliability and objectivity.

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17. Literacy 

Definition: the state of being able to read and write.

Example: Special classes in basic skills such as literacy and numeracy.

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18. Formal education 

Definition: education etc in a subject or skill, that you receive in a school, college etc rather than practical experience of it

Example: knowledge and wisdom gained from experience rather than from formal education.

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19. Tutor 

Definition: someone who gives private lessons to one student or a small group, and is paid directly by them.

Example: The children were educated at home by a succession of tutors.

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20. Tuition 

Definition: (1) teaching, especially in small groups. (2) the money you pay for being taught.

Example: When I started college, tuition was $350 a quarter.

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21. Lecture

Definition: a long talk on a particular subject that someone gives to a group of people, especially to students in a university.

Example: He regularly gives lectures on modern French literature.

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22. Campus 

Definition: the land and buildings of a university or college, including the buildings where students live

Example: Most first-year students live on campus.

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23. Degree 

Definition: a course of study at a university or college, or the qualification that is given to you when you have successfully completed the course

Example: a degree in Economics.

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24. Faculty 

Definition: a department or group of related departments within a university.

Example: Both faculty and students oppose the measures.

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25. Assignment

Definition: a piece of work that is given to someone as part of their job.

Example: She’s gone to Italy on a special assignment.

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26. Vocational course 

Definition: teaching or relating to the skills you need to do a particular job.

Example: The results of such changes are institutions which concentrate very largely on advanced vocational and general courses.

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27. Gap year

Definition: a year between leaving school and going to university, which some young people use as an opportunity to travel, earn money, or get experience of working

Example: Some students choose to work in high-tech industries during their gap year.

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28. Scholarship

Definition: an amount of money that is given to someone by an educational organization to help pay for their education.

Example: She won a scholarship to Iowa State University.

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29. To attend (class) 

Definition: to go to an event such as a meeting or a class

Example: Please let us know if you are unable to attend.

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30. Plagiarism 

Definition: when someone uses another person’s words, ideas, or work and pretends they are their own

Example: The journal accused the professor of plagiarism.

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لغات ضروری موضوعی آیلتس – تاپیک Health

 

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