نوشته‌ها

تقویت لغات و ریدینگ آیلتس تافل

پیش از این به بررسی چندین مقاله از مجله اکونومیست پرداختیم و برخی از واژگان دشوارتر و همچنین ساختارهای سودمند آن را نام بردیم. مطالعه پیوسته چنین مقاله هایی از روزنامه ها و دیگر رسانه های معتبر جهان میتواند یکی از سریع ترین راه ها برای رساندن دامنه لغات به سطح لغات یک فرد انگلیسی زبان(native) و پیشگیری از افتادن به دام مجموعه لغات غیر کاربردی و از میان رفته(منسوخ) باشد.

در زیر دو مقاله از مجله اکونومیست را برای خواندن پیشنهاد میکنیم:

 Facebook censorship, Arbitrary and capricious
http://www.economist.com/blogs/democracyinamerica/2014/08/facebook-censorship

Capsule hotels at airports, Sleep tight
http://www.economist.com/blogs/gulliver/2014/08/capsule-hotels-airports

برخی از لغات دشوار تر این مقاله ها در زیر آورده شده است. کوشش کنید برای آن ها مثال های تازه ای بزنید یا برای دیدن نمونه مثال های تازه به فرهنگ لغات خودتان نگاه کنید.

recliner = a chair that you can lean back at different angles

–I flung myself into his chair, the big recliner

slumber = sleep = snooz

–He had fallen into a deep slumber by the fire

–They were awoken from their slumber by a knock at the door

prefab = a small prefabricated building

hotelier = sb who owns or manages a hotel

Full-blown = having all the qualities of sth

–a full-blown crisis

–What began as a serious oil spill has become a full-blown environmental disaster.

circadian = relating to a period of 24 hours

–the body’s circadian sleep-wake cycle

flounder = to not know what to say or do because you feel confused or upset

–I found myself foundering as I tried to answer her questions

forlorn = seeming lonely and unhappy

–A forlorn line of refugees stood near the truck.

inebriated  = drunk

frugal = careful to buy only necessary things

tetchy = irritable

cordial = friendly but polite and formal = approachable = amiable

–He tried to be cordial and polite.

jumpy = nervous = tense

smear = untrue story about  a famous person that is told to make poeple lose their respect for them

–He attempted to smear the poeple

purport = to claim to be or do wth, even if this is not true

–two officers purporting to be dealers

جمله های خوب برای نمونه برداری و استفاده های بعدی توسط زبان آموز

If there is a drawback to what seems like an efficient solution to a familiar problem, it’s location.

تقویت لغات آیلتس و تافل با روزنامه ها

مطالعه مقاله های روزنامه ها و نشریات انگلیسی زبان را بعنوان یکی از بهترین روش های رسیدن به نمره های بالا در آزمون های آیلتس و تافل معرفی کردیم. بسیاری از آزمون دهندگانی که موفق به دریافت نمره های 8 و بالاتر در آیلتس و 110 و بالاتر در تافل شده اند به این روش بعنوان یکی از سودمند ترین شیوه ها اشاره کرده اند. با اینهمه این شیوه نیازمند زمان و نیروی فراوان برای آموختن هزاران هزار واژه و ترکیب تازه از یک سو و تندخوانی متن ها و مقاله ها و بررسی و سنجش آن ها از سوی دیگر است.

در زیر واژگانی مقاله ای از مجله نیوزویک انتخاب شده و واژگان دشوارتر این مقاله بهمراه معنی و برخی مثال ها ارائه شده است:

North Korea Owes Sweden €300m for 1,000 Volvos It Stole 40 Years Ago – And Is Still Using

http://www.newsweek.com/2014/09/05/north-korea-owes-sweden-eu300m-1000-volvos-stole-40-years-ago-still-using-267043.html?piano_t=1

–prospectus = brochure = leaflet = pamphlet = booklet

–A detailed prospectus is one of the signs of a good school

–a secretive and mendacious(=not truthful) government

–in mint condition = looking new and in perfect condition

–book value = how much a particular car of a particular age should  be worth if you sold it

–Let’s not quibble(=to argue over unimportant things) over minor details

–collude = to work with sb secretly to do sth dishonest or illegal

–There have been accusations that the prime minister secretly colluded with the leaders of the regime

–She knew about the plan, and colluded in it

–espionage = spying

–botch = to do sth badly because you have been careless or becuase of the lack of skill

–The builders really botched up our patio

–Defense lawyers are arguing that the police botched the investigation

–shirk = too lazy to do your responsibility

–Our father never shirked his responsibilities.

–he was fired for shirking

–indignation = anger= resentment = rancor = annoyance

–Eric was indignant(=angry and surprised because you feel isulted or unfairly treated) at being told he would have to wait two weeks for an appointment

–debacle = disaster = fiasco

–The debacle began shortly after we arrived for dinner one night

–acquiesce = allow sth happen even though you don’t really agree with

–Oil companies have been accused of acquiescing in the pollution of the ocean

–a lucid exposition(=a clear explanation) of educational theories

–exposition = show = fair

–foray into = a short attempt of doing a new job

–it will be my first foray into local government

–We  make  regular  forays(=short trips)  to France to buy wine

–unambiguous = clear

–nascent = come to existence

–the country’s nascent democracy

–convergence = become closer

–ebullient = very happy and excited

–Supporters of the amendment were ebullient at the outcome of the vote

–tumultuous = full of activity, confusion and violence

–the tumultuous years of the Civil War

–armistice = truce

–play hardball = to be very determined to get what you want

–Bromance = complicated love and affection shared by two straight males

–at the helm = in charge of sth

–we have a new prime minister at the helm

–horseplay = a noisy play in which poeple push or hit each other for fun

–Horseplay on the school bus is not allowed

–insular = parochial = only intersted in your own group

–an insular community

–bellicose  = aggressive

و برخی جمله های خوب این مقاله برای به ذهن سپردن و به کار گیری در آینده:

–It’s been a tradition since 1974, when the government agency was advised to…

–For nearly half a century, the Board has been in charge of the Sisyphean task of coaxing €300m from a nation that thinks international law is an elaborate gambit designed by capitalist pig-dogs

–Sweden was one of the first to seize on the opportunity

–North Korean economists had been too optimistic in their calculations, and the international market price for these ores had also dropped ­catastrophically

–legacy of insularity and geopolitical horseplay